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十招克服GMAT阅读难题 你可以!

2019-03-20已围观 116 次来源:互联网编辑:大发一分快三

GMAT阅读题难度,对于大发一分快三考生来说一直都可以算是比较高的,做不好阅读的考生也绝不在少数。GMAT阅读对于考生要求较高,词汇、长难句、逻辑结构等,缺一不可。

那么在GMAT的考试中有没有什么小技巧呢?工欲善其事必先利其器,GRE/GMAT界的教学大牛——付姣老师,根据自己7年的教学经验和众多阅读满分学员的学习经历,总结了十大GMAT阅读句子理解小妙招。

今天给大家带来第3招和第4招~

断点标志——比较的结构

续上次的平行“断点”,这次再来说一说比较的“断点”。什么是比较的标志词呢?

比如,你在句子里见到了more… than…, less… than…等含有比较级的结构,小意思对吧?我当然知道这是个比较啦!但是我说的不是这样的:I eat more apples than you….

我说的是这样的:

At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year, and surely the new companies starting up this year will create no more jobs per company than did last year's start-ups.

不说小case了吧?怎么也得读上个2、3遍,要不然真不清楚说的是谁多谁少。

先别急着看上面的,先看个简单的。

Thus the chance of a predator finding the school is only slightly greater than the chance of the predator finding a single fish swimming alone.

如果差不多看懂了,咱们就来仔细分一下结构吧。

先找到标志词greater than,再看一下前后比较的是谁。

Thus (the chance) of a predator finding the school is only slightly (greater than) (the chance) of the predator finding a single fish swimming alone.

有没有发现前后都出现了the chance?

其实,比较也是一种特殊的平行结构,前后也有一样的东东哦~~

所以比较的就是两个chance,但是这两个chance不太一样,因为后面的修饰不一样,一个是a predator finding the school,另一个是the predator finding a single fish,所以搞定!

就是说:一个捕食者发现school(鱼群)的机会仅仅比一个捕食者发现一条鱼的机会略大而已。

现在回头再看刚才的句子:

At the same time, there is considerable evidence that(断点) the number of new companies starting up will be (no higher) this year (than) it was last year, and(断点)surely the new companies starting up this year will create (no more) jobs per company(than) did last year's start-ups.

先找到比较标志词,再看比较的都是谁。

先看第一处:

the number of new companies starting up will be (no higher) this year (than) it was last year

先理清楚no higher… than的意思是:不高于;就是跟……一样高或比……低;然后就明白了:新成立公司的数量将不高于去年(新公司成立的)数量

我还有个问题:than之后的it was last year是啥结构捏?

记住:than之后加的是句子,因为than是个连接句子的连词。

有小盆友问,那上面那个chance的比较,than之后直接就是the chance啊?

其实也是省略的嘛。。。应该是这样的嘛。。。

Thus the chance of a predator finding the school is only slightly greater than the chance of the predator finding a single fish swimming alone (is great).

我想问问你,是不是终于明白了什么叫比较级,什么叫原级?好话不说二遍!

所以,自问自答:it就是前面的the number of new companies starting up,用was是因为时间变成last year了,所以肯定不能will be啦。

再看第二处:

surely the new companies starting up this year will create (no more) jobs per company(than) did last year's start-ups

先理清楚no more… than的意思是:不多于;就是跟……一样多或比……少;句子意思就是:今年新成立公司产生的职位必定将会不多于去年(新成立公司产生的职位)的数量。

最后两个句子是and在一起的,连起来就没问题啦。

我又有个问题:为什么than之后是did last year's start-ups?did怎么不放在最后呢?

理解为倒装了就可以啦。

自己可以多练练哦:

Oral narratives are no more likely than are written narratives to provide a disinterested commentary on events or people.

For example, a plant situated near a number of larger noncompliant competitors is less likely to attract the attention of local regulators than is an isolated plant, and less attention means lower costs.

Black workers were aware, through labor recruiters and the black press, that they could earn more even as unskilled workers in the North than they could as artisans in the South.

It suggests that simple prospecting methods still have a higher success rate in the discovery of gold deposits than do more modern methods.

传说中的“限定”与“非限定”

传说中有个神秘的现象,就是定语从句有“限定性”和“非限定性”之分,很多同学尝试了很多次去辨别二者有啥不同,结果越辩越晕。。。

今天我们就再做最后一次努力,保证让大家记住二者的差别!

先看个句子:

Rather, in their day-by-day tactical maneuvers, these senior executives rely on what is vaguely termed "intuition" to manage a network of interrelated problems that require them to deal with ambiguity, inconsistency, novelty, and surprise; and to integrate action into the process of thinking.

用我们之前说过的方法,先试着找主干:

these senior executives rely on sth to manage … (that…) and to integrate …

上面句子中有个that从句修饰前面的名词problems。这就是限定的。

再看个句子:

However, the Women's Trade Union League (WTUL), which had ceased in the late 1880s to oppose restrictions on women's labor, supported the eventually enacted proposal, in part because safety regulations were generally not being enforced in white lead factories, where there were no unions (and little prospect of any) to pressure employers to comply with safety regulations.

同样找主干:

WTUL, (which…), supported the proposal, (because…), (where…)

这个句子中有两个从句在修饰前面的名词,一个是which修饰WTUL,一个是where修饰white lead factories。这两个都是非限定的。

这几个从句有什么不一样呢?

我想说的是,不都是在修饰前面的名词吗?有什么区别?没有区别!!

唯一的区别就是,第二句中的两个定从,都有逗号隔开,读句子主干一遇到逗号就跳过,直接忽略它们了,但是第一个句子中的that没有逗号分开,我还得找一下它的开头结尾,再把它跳过去。。。

所以也有语法家——我说,能被忽略的,都是不需要的,不能被忽略的,都是需要的。。。

总结:都是定从,都修饰前面名词,它们是没有区别的!

如果非要加个区别,那就是“, which”可以直接扔掉,而“that”不能直接扔掉。仅此而已!

你记住了吗?

好啦,今天的分享就到这里啦,下一期的备考小讲堂再给大家带来后续的小妙招~没关注的小伙伴记得点一下上面的蓝字关注哟!

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